Trees & Shrubs

Shrubs & Trees

Planting a tree or shrub requires some thought and consideration in terms of what you would like it to do and where the tree or shrub will be located. The experts at Greenbloom Landscape Design can assist you with making all the necessary preparation as well as planting to ensure healthy growth.

Choosing Trees and Shrubs

Landscaping Trees and Shrubs

  • Functions of Trees & Shrubs
    • Trees and shrubs serve many functions in your garden landscape.
    • They can act as a windbreak, stopping strong gusts.
    • They offer privacy by forming a natural fence.
    • A low hedge helps define or border spaces.
    • They provide shade, which may reduce energy costs.
    • They give a habitat for wildlife and birds.
    • Trees and shrubs also help clean our air and provide oxygen.
  • Differences Between A Tree and A Shrub
    • A shrub has several main stems growing from ground level rather than one main trunk.
    • Shrubs usually have a height less than 10-13 ft. (3-4 m.) and stems no more than 3 inches (7.5 cm) in diameter.
    • Trees have one erect stem (trunk) and a clearly formed crown of leaves (foliage).
    • There are of course exceptions such as a river birch, a tree with multiple stems, and bushes trained into a tree form.
  • Things to Consider When Choosing Your Tree or Shrub
    • Size – How big will the tree or shrub grow in terms of height and width?
    • What else is in the area? – Any overhead wires, buildings, or other plants.
    • How many cumulative hours of sun the location receives.
    • Your soil conditions. – Is the area wet or dry? Does the plant need acidic soil to thrive?
    • Hardiness – Will it work in your area or zone?
    • What is the tree or shrub’s function? – Will it provide shade, a focal point, a barrier.
    • Do you want colour all year round? – Deciduous tree or evergreen tree.
    • Would you like a flowering tree or shrub?
    • How much time are you willing to invest in the care and maintenance? – Cleaning up dropped fruit or berries, trimming.
    • Leaf shape and size – What appeals to your personal aesthetic?
    • The watering needs of the tree or shrub.
  • Examples of Shrubs
    • Hydrangea
    • Ninebark
    • Spirea
    • Forsythia
    • Potentilla
  • Examples of Trees
    • Maple
    • Oak
    • Ginkgo
    • Beech
    • Magnolia